Dysplasia is the term that describes abnormal growth and changes in our cells. If you are diagnosed with dysplasia, there is a chance that you could develop cancer. The good news is that if dysplasia is detected early, you can usually prevent it from turning into cancer.

Foot dysplasia affects the bones, specifically the joints.

There are different kinds of foot dysplasia. Here are the most common types:

  • Monostotic Fibrous Dysplasia – Most people develop fibrous dysplasia as children. However, it’s not usually diagnosed until the teen years, or later. This is the most common form of fibrous dysplasia, and it attacks one bone, and can cause growths that can cause fractures and bone deformities. Treatment includes surgery and in some instances, radiation therapy.
  • Palmoplantar Ectodermal Dysplasia – Palmoplantar ectodermal dysplasia is another kind of dysplasia that attacks the feet.

Types include:

  • Pachyonychia Congenita Type I – Can usually be diagnosed within the first few months after a child is born. Another rare form of the disease happens to teens and young adults. It attacks the nails and the skin of those affected. It causes very painful blisters and calluses on the soles of the feet.
  • Acrokeratoelastoidosis – This outbreak usually happens on the hands, but it can occur on the feet, as well. It produces small, yellow papules on the feet.
  • Papillon–Lefčvre Syndrome – This disease affects up to four out of every million people. It usually leads to teeth loss, scaly patches on the soles of the feet, and discoloration of the hands and feet.
  • Tyrosinemia Type II – This is caused by an enzyme deficiency, and can cause painful lesions on the sole of the feet. It normally develops during childhood.
  • Olmsted Syndrome – This is a rare genetic disease that causes a mutilating type of keratoderma plaque on the soles of the feet.
  • Meleda Disease – This is a rare disease that results in thick patches on the soles of the feet. It can also cause skin lesions and deformed nails.

Dysplasia Treatment

Dysplasia treatments can vary, and depend on the type of dysplasia that you have. A podiatrist will have a look at your feet and determine the types of treatment necessary. These could include skin graft, surgery, and even amputation.

Dysplasia is rare, but it can be a very serious foot condition. Talk with your podiatrist to discuss treatment options.