Enchondroma is described as tumor or cyst that is formed out of cartilage. This usually grows in the bone marrow and can be identified by using X-ray or MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging).

Enchondroma is also known as a benign type of bone tumor. It usually affects the cartilage that surrounds the inner bones of the hands and feet. However, it can affect larger bones, too. Although most enchondroma is benign, some centrally located cartilage lesions can be malignant.

Enchondroma occurs in both sexes, and usually strikes those between the ages of 10 and 20.

What Causes Enchondroma?

Doctors don’t know the exact causes of enchondroma. However, the most common theories are that it is caused by excessive growth of cartilage that provides the lining at the end of the bone, or because of continued growth of an embryonic cartilage.

Symptoms of Enchondroma

  • There will usually be pain in the affected area if the tumor reaches a big enough size
  • You might also notice swelling on one of your toes.

Treatment of Enchondroma

Enchondroma of the foot is usually treated by curettage, which is a type of surgical scraping done with a tool called a curette. This is accomplished with or without a bone graft, depending on the type of enchondroma the patient has. However, other types of surgery might be required, and this depends on the recommendations of the surgeon.

If you notice any symptoms like these on your foot, you should see a podiatrist. Your podiatrist will be able to give you a thorough examination, and give you a proper diagnosis.